New Jersey residents may not know that falling is the leading cause of traumatic brain injury in the U.S. However, while auto accidents account for 17.3 percent of all TBIs, they are responsible for the most TBI fatalities. When one suffers a head injury in a wreck, symptoms may include nausea, headaches, sensory and motor problems or loss of consciousness.
Motor vehicle accidents can lead to brain injuries because of the momentum produced in a crash. When automobiles collide, the vehicle in which a person is loses momentum while bodies in the vehicle continue at the speed at which the vehicle was moving before the collision. Bodies do not slow until a seat belt or something else catches them, and this can cause injuries. Brain injury or whiplash occurs with extreme movement or when a head forcefully strikes an air bag, steering wheel, windshield or other object.
To limit the chances of serious injury, vehicle occupants can wear seat belts, and a vehicle owner can install a reinforced windshield that is resistant to penetration. However, injury can occur even when taking precautions because while air bags are intended to limit damage, they can hurt or kill people in some cases.
A car accident can change a person's life forever, such as if a brain injury results in permanent disability and long-term care needs. If the injury occurred because of the negligent action of another party, a brain injury victim could file a civil lawsuit to seek funds to cover his or her additional care costs.